"Океан" - это сообщество энтузиастов и преданных любителей своего дела, которые много лет собирают у себя ребят и девчонок со всей России. И история с проектом за миллионов самая настоящая Missing: Various.
One People with One Heart. We invite you now, through the pages of this book, to enter the heart of two communities. Irene H. Cohen Linda E. Weiner Greensboro-Beltsy Collaboration Chair Editors' note: Due to technical complexities in incorporating two languages, the Russian text could not benefit from a thorough proofreading process. Acknowledgments Publication of One People One Heart involved a cadre of people who embraced our vision and gave it life.
Both the Greensboro and Beltsy Book Committees deserve our deepest appreciation. Their many hands touched this book with a generosity of spirit, boundless devotion, and indefatigable energy. As spokes on a wheel, each contribution was an essential piece of the final product.
The unflagging support and enthusiasm of Marilyn Chandler, executive director, Greensboro Jewish Federation; Kathy Manning, president; Patricia MacDuff Peil, administrative assistant; and the entire Federation staff encouraged us all along the way.
The wise counsel and genuine sense of caring of David Buchanan, our printing consultant, will always shine in our memory. A special place in our hearts is reserved for Stanley and Doris Tanger, book paper benefactors; Bill Cassell, publishing liaison and resource; and Shelly Weiner, Greensboro-Beltsy Collaboration chair. We are especially grateful to Ela Gabitov for sacrificing her leisure time, throughout a two-year process, to tirelessly translate the text into two languages, an extraordinary undertaking.
To her patient husband, Ildar, our computer specialist, we offer a double measure of gratitude. We are immensely indebted to Robert Chandler and Mark Stackhouse for countless hours of proficient editing assistance. Our good fortune continued with the splendid talent of Beatrice Schall, our creative cover artist. Elaine Abrams and Ellen Adelman, our photographers, wove their magic to locate each writer in Greensboro; digital photography and e-mail enabled Igor Teper to fulfill the same mission in Beltsy.
Their collaboration and unfailing cooperation were not only a constant, but also, a joy. One People One Heart has been a fascinating, rewarding challenge. To everyone in Greensboro and Beltsy, named and unnamed, who in sharing our passion offered us seemingly limitless time, energy, and resources, cosmic t hanks!
Cohen and Linda E. On closer inspection, however, one community in the heart of the piedmont area of North Carolina chooses to distinguish itself because of its desire to extend humanitarian efforts far beyond its Atlantic border. North Carolina, a namesake of General Nathanael Greene, who was commander of colonial troops at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse on March 15, , has now grown to over , with a Jewish community of approximately 3, The first Jewish settlers arrived in Greensboro in the mid's to establish homes and businesses.
Around 1 , the formal Greensboro Jewish community began to take shape. The first congregation was formed in and, from the beginning, Jewish leaders integrated themselves in the economic growth and civic development of their city. Such leadership included a Jewish mayor and the service and philanthropic efforts of Jews in most community organizations and the arts. This civic leadership continues today. There are two synagogues. B'nai Shalom; and the first pluralistic Jewish boarding high school in North America, the American Hebrew Academy, whose doors opened in The Greensboro Jewish Federation, founded in and now an award-winning leader nationally, has a distinguished record of innovation in creating meaningful connections between our local community and communities around the world.
As an example, Greensboro is one of three Federations involved in founding and implementing Jewish Healthcare International, a project designed to develop a means to minister to the health care needs of Jewish communities in the Former Soviet Union. The newest Federation initiative is the Greensboro-Beltsy Collaboration, a project undertaken to strengthen the Jewish experience of individuals and institutions in Greensboro, North Carolina, and Beltsy, Moldova.
Beltsy is one of the most organized and coordinated communities in the Former Soviet Union but like all communities in the FSU, it is only beginning to rebuild its spiritual, economic, and financial bases.
According to some sources, the first Jews appeared in this region of Moldova in the beginning of the 10th century, and in a locality, later named Beltsy, was formed around a small Jewish tavern. Before the Holocaust, Beltsy enjoyed a thriving Jewish community. With the collective Jewish memory virtually extinguished, the Jewish community of Beltsy began its rebirth in , largely dependent on the guidance of world Jewry.
Romania and the Ukraine border Moldova, a country slightly larger than Maryland. Beltsy, the republic's second-largest city with a population of ,, is located in northwest Moldova, a two- and-one-half hour drive from the capital city, Kishinev. Beltsy's Jewish population is 3, including in the surrounding villages. In cooperation with the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee JDC , the community has developed activities and support services for a variety of age groups.
The JCC sponsors a family club, discussion groups, and provides a venue for holiday celebrations. It also houses a new computer lab with Internet access, established with the help of the Greensboro Collaboration. Hesed Yakov, a JDC-funded welfare center, serves elderly and needy clients from Beltsy and the nearby villages. They provide such services as medicine and medical equipment, winter relief, food packages and daily care for the home bound, as well as one hot meal a day for the other clients.
There are also crafts, music, and various social groups at the Hesed. Other communal bodies include the Jewish Agency for Israel, a small synagogue, a nascent Sunday school, the Hava women's group, and organizations for Holocaust survivors and war veterans.
All of these groups work together to enrich and ensure the continuity of Jewish life in Beltsy. At the request of the Greensboro-Beltsy Committee, they met with the Beltsy Jewish community leadership to explore the possibility of a Greensboro-Beltsy collaboration.
Their subsequent report revealed that Greensboro had found its partner. In selecting Beltsy for a community outreach collaboration, much thought was given to similarities for a Greensboro pairing: the high level of Jewish identity, the extensive involvement of Jews within their community, and the presence of a Council of Jewish Organizations, in addition to the obvious similarity of size of Jewish population.
Because synergy breeds success, Greensboro's decision was a fortunate one. Following the selection of Beltsy, the committee discovered that not only does the state of North Carolina have a state-to-state partnership with Moldova, but also the city of Greensboro has a city-to-city relationship with a district of Kishinev.
Networking with these resources offers opportunities otherwise not readily available. Many Greensboro-Beltsy projects have been established, and more are to follow, but the Beltsy book project represents a true Jewish humanistic collaboration in the chronicling of life stories and Jewish experiences of members from both communities.
Nina Starr-Cohen, Ph. In the Beginning Around the turn of the twentieth century, at the Cones' insistence, they sold Uncle Manny on moving to Greensboro and going into business with them. He said that he could only come if his brother came also, and so it was that my grandfather, Herman, moved his family to Summit Avenue in Greensboro.
Uncle Manny lived with them. Since my grandmother had died, my mother, Jeanette Sternberger, kept house. She was enrolled at Converse College in Spartanburg, South Carolina, but grandmother's death ended mother's college career.
The new partners opened Revolution Cotton Mill with financial support from the Cones. Revolution later became part of Cone Mills. The mill villages were very interesting. They had a school system, a welfare system, a physician, dentists, nurses, stores, a YMCA, and various charities.
They had more than 10, workers here in Greensboro at one time. They even had a camp just outside Greensboro named Camp Herman. I was a counselor there one summer. Life was pleasant, I believe, for most; that is the unions never got to first base.
Much later, my own father started and ran the Juvenile Hosiery Mill, a plant that made socks. Most of the Cone men lived here, except for Moses and Sydney, a physician. They felt we needed a place of worship, so they started Temple Emanuel over the Schiff man's store with the help of the Sternbergers and a number of others.
My grandfather, Jacob Baach, planned the Jewish cemetery, and, incidentally, chose the best site under the huge magnolia tree for his family. My mother, father, and I didn't move to Greensboro until the early s, so our involvement didn't start until then, though I remember spending every summer in Greensboro until we moved here from Pocahontas, Virginia.
Our lives were definitely a part of the whole community. As a youngster and teenager, I went with my friends to church on Sunday nights. I never felt any prejudice, though my mother kept warning me that it was latent! We were all, for the most part, an integral part of the larger community. The Baachs were involved from the beginning with music. Aunt Mabel, for instance, played the organ at the Temple for decades.
Toward the end of her career, her hearing was failing. A system was devised so that the rabbi could press a button, and a light would give Aunt Mabel her cue to begin. Her sister, Net, sang and directed the choir. My Aunt Rosa also sang in the choir. Later the Conservative Jewish community came into being and built their own building on East Lake Drive.
We had a rabbi. North Carolina has been very good to the Jews. Two of my father's sisters married two Lindau men who happened to be brothers of Mrs. Moses Cone Aunt Bertha Lindau. Thus began my interest in Cone Hospital. My cousin was on the original board and helped draft the by-laws that stipulate that no one is to be turned away for care regardless of race or finances.
Judy Hyman and I did a survey in Smith Homes of all the preschool children to determine if there were enough kids for a day care program. We found there were about 80 children that would be eligible. Then we went to the Housing Authority and persuaded them to give us an apartment.
Eventually, we were able to have another apartment and initiated an early Head Start Program. When Sargeant Shriver came to Greensboro to see it, he said it was remarkable. They began a camp for underprivileged children, rotating among the three houses of worship. They ended the season by coming to our house to swim. The Temple also had a bond with St. Leo's Hospital. The nuns came to our pool every Tuesday morning to swim. I had married Jack Tannenbaum, a practicing physician, in He was familiar with Greensboro, as he had been an intern at St.
Leo's Hospital following graduation from Duke Medical School. Jack and I had four children, two of whom still live in Greensboro: Jeanne, a hospital administrator and also involved in many community activities; Sigmund, a practicing urologist; Susan who was a lobbyist in Washington, D.
We have six grandchildren. My legacy lives on in Greensboro through my children and grandchildren who will carry on the family traditions and passions for community service. A Jewish young person becomes a greater part of the Jewish community when he or she has a bar or bat mitzvah.
I worked very hard to get to this turning point in my life, and I have gained a lot of knowledge and spiritual guidance from it.
Becoming a Bat Mitzvah Dori Chandler I have always wanted to be included in something as special as a community. Right before my bat mitzvah, I had an experience that made me feel very left out. I had just finished my bat mitzvah lesson with my teacher, and was waiting for my parents to pick me up.
Minyan was just going to start, but they needed two or three more people to have a total of ten people of age. I offered to be counted but I was denied that mitzvah, since I had not yet had my bat mitzvah. Now that I have had my bat mitzvah, I will be allowed in many Conservative, Reform, and Reconstructionist minyanim.
With this change, though, I also receive more obligations. I don't play outside during Shabbat services anymore, and I should always be ready to read an aliyah or lead services. During my bat mitzvah my family came from all over the world.
This was a wonderful event in my life cycle, where we, as a family and a community, came together to celebrate. Before the bat mitzvah I wrote a D'var Torah. While studying the Torah portion, I learned that, as a Jew, you are responsible for helping the poor, your fellow brothers, and sisters. Learning this in the Torah portion and studying in general is a big part of being Jewish. I don't mind the obligations that come with being a Jew and becoming a bat mitzvah, and I feel great when I have completed them.
I hope that I can continue to fulfill many more mitzvot, as I am now a bat mitzvah. My mother and father's parents observed all Jewish traditions. They went to a synagogue and kept kosher. The grandchildren, together with their grandparents, attended synagogue to mark the Jewish holidays. It is a special memory from my childhood. My grandfather, Blank Mendel, taught us to read in Hebrew.
His brother was a Rabbi at Yasskoi Synagogue. My grandmother, Blank Haika, always observed Shabbat, lit candles, helped the poor with food and supported them. In the s, when I studied in the 10th grade, the Jewish youth in Beltsy met in a small house along the Kishinevskaya Road and later, in a club of a garment factory where we organized illegal Jewish theater. After the Seven-Day War in Israel, our meetings were impossible. In , 1 got into the Leningrad Pedagogical Institute, with a literary major.
At this time I already had published stories, poems, and an essay. The same year I married Berdichever Favel.
In , I graduated from the Pedagogical Academy. My son, Eugeny, was born a year earlier. I worked as the teacher in Beltsy, then at the city newspaper as the correspondent and proofreader. In , my daughter, Albina, was born. Now she lives with her family in Israel. I began my involvement in the Rosa Berdichever Jewish movement of Moldova in I became an active participant in a Jewish female club called Hava, and a member of the board of OEK.
We, women volunteers, collected food and clothes for the deprived, visited the ill and weak, bought medicines, revived traditions of the Jewish house, celebrated Shabbats and the Jewish holidays. In , 1 took a class for directors of charitable centers at the Institute of Communal and Social Workers in St.
After graduation, I directed social work in the Jewish community of Beltsy. I participated in the development of many social programs and movements at Hesed, the Jewish welfare center. I was appointed the first director of "Hesed Yakov " in I am also involved in many Jewish movement seminars concerned with social work, communal programs, and strategic planning for the communal life of Jews in Moldova. In , I participated in a seminar for the directors of welfare centers that was taking place in Israel.
I am familiar with the Jewish communities of St. We also support connections with communities of Dusseldorf and others. I hope to continue learning more about the community of Greensboro. My identity as a Jewish woman has changed vastly since the days of playing dress-up in my basement, but the pride I take in my religion has been unwavering.
I knew that Judaism was an important part of my life from the early days of repeating the unfamiliar Hebrew prayers after my father as my family gathered to light the menorah.
My family did not regularly attend religious services, but I was constantly surrounded by the Jewish ideals that extended beyond ritual and into the lifestyle of my family. As a young girl my parents encouraged me to question, inciting my natural curiosity and embracing it all, ideas that I have integrated into my daily life. Throughout my childhood my parents rarely provided me with answers.
Instead, they embraced the Jewish custom of questioning and supplied me with avenues through which I could arrive at my own conclusions. The impact of Judaism on my life extends beyond the abstract world of thought and into the reality of action. Tikkun Olam is prevalent in the Jewish faith, and my family has also embraced this idea. Throughout my elementary school years, my mother sent me to Hebrew School with change for "tzedaka," teaching me to share with those less fortunate than 1.
I have actively pursued this desire to serve my community through my involvement in numerous volunteer projects and my leadership in service organizations. As I grow as a person and study my Jewish roots intensely, I realize that my religion has impacted all facets of my life — from the manner in which I treat my friends, with loyalty and dignity, to the perseverance I show when challenged with a difficult situation. It is my Judaism that motivates me to 12 to learn more, and expose myself to new people, new experiences, and new ideas.
My family continues to support my quest for knowledge and my interest in Judaism. Last summer my parents allowed me to spend a month studying in Israel.
Those four short weeks have subsequently impacted my life. My interest in Israel prompted my parents to journey to Israel. Upon my return home my parents were anxious to hear my opinions about the program and the country, comparing my impressions with their own. Since my arrival home my parents have encouraged me to foster the connection I formed with Israel by finding various articles that pertain to current Israeli issues and notifying me of various community events that involve Israel.
My parents' support has allowed me to delve into current Israeli issues and truly explore the convoluted nature of the situation in Israel. Additionally, it is with my parents' encouragement that I will return to Israel this summer, serving as the youth coordinator for the trip in which I participated last summer.
I will be returning to a wonderful program, but, more than that, returning to a country that is vibrant and rich with the heritage of the Jewish people, my people.
My interests have changed, and my horizons have broadened since the days I identified with being a princess, and my perception of Judaism has evolved.
I realize that "Jewish" is not a title that one bears, but instead a culture in which one is immersed. My family has shared this Jewish culture with me by frying potato latkes on Chanukah, instilling the importance of charity in my mind, and promoting the act of questioning through the ritual of the Passover Seder.
Passover is not the tradition that I enjoy most, but my family's unique adaptation of it and other rituals and the lessons imparted through that mean the most to me. Today I proudly identify myself as a Jew, and tomorrow I will continue questioning and redefining my concept of Judaism. Is it the customs, holidays, or the mitzvot? Should I be proud of my heritage and history? Or should I be afraid to let anyone know I'm a Jew?
All Jews must stand proud so we can remain strong, So our great heritage is always remembered. We must remember our triumphs and our mishaps, So we can learn from our mistakes.
Although my people have lived a troubled history The bad times are coming to an end. Because the Jewish people have a nation A country to call their own. The single most important memory is her love of Temple Emanuel. In her words that are encased in the time capsule in the cornerstone of the Rypins Building: "I am grateful and proud to be a part of Temple Emanuel.
I have seen it grow from infancy. I have seen my children and grandchildren confirmed at Temple Emanuel. Julius and I celebrated our 50th wedding anniversary in Temple Emanuel. I have tried to be a part of all the activities and am especially proud to say that Temple Emanuel has always been my inspiration. She was sometimes accused of meeting the trains and buses seeking new members. My favorite story is the time she called a Mr.
Goldstein to invite him to services at the Temple. His reply was that he was the new pastor at Magnolia Street Baptist Church and he invited her to attend his services. This was my mother. Her love for Temple Emanuel carried through to me. She helped me when I was president of Sisterhood. Together we made matzah balls, kreplach, tzimmes, haroses, beet soup, gefilte fish, red devils food cake, mandel bread, rugalah, turkey dressing.
By that time my daughter with her family had already been living here for a year and a half. The Jewish Federation, together with my daughter, rented a two-bedroom apartment for us. It was furnished and equipped with everything we needed for living. We were pleasantly surprised by that and very thankful for the hospitality of the Greensboro Jewish community. But we came to a foreign country with a different culture, customs, and language. So we had to start our life all over again.
We were 59 years old then. The Jewish Federation subsidized our first four months. Many thanks to the kind people who helped us find our first jobs. I started my career in Greensboro as a clerk in the salad bar in a big grocery store. My husband's first job was packing bags in the supermarket. The most difficult part was not knowing English. For the first few months at work, when customers addressed me, I pretended to be a deaf-mute. We were not able to study English when we started working, so we were learning English by book, by watching TV, by listening to co-workers, and by trying to participate in conversations.
At first it was very hard, but little by little life became easy and more pleasurable. Then we had a chance to make more money: my husband took a second job, and I took overtime hours. Finally we bought a beautiful townhouse and paid off the credit in five years. We are very happy to live in America. This country is a country of opportunities. You can achieve your goals, if you really want it and are not lazy. We will never forget those people who helped us feel at home here.
I studied in a Jewish school and finished it in We were lucky to get onto a freight train and were evacuated to Tashkent, in Middle Asia. We worked in cotton fields. In , we moved to Nizne-Cherchick, and I got a job at a regional government financial department. After WWII ended, we moved back and couldn't find our house.
There was nowhere to live. My parents died from all the suffering. In , I started studying in Odessa College. In , I got married and in , 1 moved to Ungeny with my husband.
I was a year-old girl, the child of a Hungarian Jewish father and a German Christian mother. My father, who was a former officer in the Hungarian Army, did not believe the Germans would hurt our family. My mother did not agree and insisted on sending me to relatives in America. My two older brothers had already left Germany, one to Hungary and one to China.
My mother made all the arrangements for the trip. She also had me tutored in English. She asked me if there was anything special I would like to take on the trip. I told her I had always wanted a trench coat with a belt and that is what I would like to take with me. On the day of my departure my aunts, uncles, and many friends came to the train station to see me off. There was so much excitement, crying and hugging, and talking that the train pulled away before my mother gave me the trench coat.
She ran after the train waving the coat but it was too late. I went to sleep, sleeping restlessly, and about a. I was awakened by a knocking at my door. A voice called out "Trautech my German name " and I asked, "Who is it? I remember that moment like it was yesterday. We spent a wonderful day together in Cologne before boarding the train to Trieste that is where I was to board a ship to the U.
That was the last time I ever saw my mother. My mother was gassed in the Minsk concentration camp in , and my father died of diabetes on the train on the way to Minsk. My journey continued and had a happy ending when I arrived in America.
It was late at night, and I was excited and tired. I couldn't wait to go to my Jewish homeland. As our plane arrived we felt great joy, We were anxious to go, and leave Greensboro. I couldn't believe that I was actually flying about halfway around the world. Days quickly passed by, and I saw many things.
Massada in the morning and Jerusalem in the evening. The Dead Sea was fun and the Western Wall was awesome. The best was Ben Yehuda Street, where night was like day. Finally, it was time to go back to my home in Greensboro. On the plane, I thought about all of the things that I saw. I kept a diary of the trip to record all of my experiences. I was back at home, and I told my tale to all of my friends. One of the greatest wounds, and perhaps the one that affects Jewish life the greatest, is the Holocaust.
The Holocaust is commemorated by a holiday called Yom Hashoa. On this day we have a special mourning service in synagogue to remember the six million Jews that were murdered in the Holocaust.
This is my favorite holiday because it is remembering something that should never be forgotten. I feel that if people remember it, then it will never happen again, even though this thing, the Holocaust, is so hard to remember, because people feel it is best forgotten. If it were not for the holiday, some parents would not pass it on to their children for fear of traumatizing them. Eventually, its memory would die out, and a Holocaust might happen again. This event is one of many scars in Jewish history.
Possibly if the Holocaust had not happened, the Jewish religion would be dominant across the world, though because it did happen, Jews know what it is like to experience. Therefore they will never oppress any other group in a similar fashion.
Hopefully other peoples will see the same thing. But when I first moved to Greensboro from the Former Soviet Union , I was surrounded by lots of people who had one thing in common, they were all Jewish.
At the time I didn't know what that meant or what any other religion was, but I knew that I was in a new country where I didn't know anyone and couldn't talk or communicate with anybody, and these people welcomed me with open arms and smiling faces. The welcoming environment was so overwhelming, that I have never felt more accepted and appreciated in my entire life. From that point on I have always felt welcome and loved in every Jewish-based area I have been to.
Although I look to God and the Torah to aid me in how to live my life and to help me make difficult decisions, that is not the most prominent aspect of Judaism to me. What is really important to me are all the people I have met through being Jewish. Starting from going to B'nai Shalom where I met people that I know I can count on till this day and am still best friends with now. The summer made me have a stronger appreciation for not only Judaism, but for Israel as well.
But when I came back home, I realized that the trip would not have meant half as much had I not been with the people that I was. Not only did I make lifelong friendships, but I also learned to appreciate things I never thought I would. Although every aspect of being Jewish is very important to me, the customs, holidays, Shabbatot, food, and teachings would not mean as much if I hadn't had so many amazing people to share all that with.
It was just a week ago that I had learned my Clara was diagnosed with breast cancer. My thoughts and prayers were concentrated on the success of the operation and for her to have a speedy recovery. I asked all my family and friends to pray for my darling grandchild. So many people supported me, and I felt surrounded with love. I had decided that I would continue my regular activities the day of the operation.
I would attend the Community Service group where I make things for charity. After that, I would go to the school to tutor my six students. By being so busy, I thought I could postpone some of the stress and worry but, when I woke up that morning, after a restless night, the only thing I wanted to do was to pray to God.
That's what I did. I heard a voice and it was mine. I realized I was speaking to God. My voice became louder and louder as I implored Him to help my child, to help her get well so that she could continue to lead a useful, happy life. I cried, almost hysterically, then stopped crying, stopped speaking, as I suddenly felt a presence in the room. It was as though someone has switched on a big bright light.
I put my prayer book down, rose from my chair and looked around the house. I wasn't nervous. I wasn't afraid. I was completely at peace. No other human being was in the house. The presence was God. I had made a 22 "connection. I have no idea what God looks like, whether He is male, or female, or whatever for He is, but I believe very strongly in a divine power and I trust Him. It would be an insult to God if I didn't. It has been over a year since the breast was removed. The chemotherapy and radiation are over.
The implant is in place. The wigs are no longer necessary. Her hair has grown back, and Clara is just as beautiful as ever, a glorious human being, inside and out, ready for living a useful life. I continue my relationship with God, my best protector and friend. The last words of my daily prayer, before I go to sleep, are "Thank you God. What an accomplishment!
I think it is important for him to raise money for the hungry, because if nobody does, sooner or later everyone would be on the streets, hungry with nowhere to go. I am really proud of my dad. Our family was identified to the Nazis on February, 12, They took us to execution.
People from a village rescued us. My sister, Dora Vant, with her small daughter, Evgenia Vant, could not be rescued by any means. The Nazis took my sister with her daughter to the nearby village and held them there three days. Dora was raped repeatedly. The next night, the Nazis held them in a cold shed.
In the morning, Dora was shot and her daughter left to freeze alive. Dora was 21 years old and Evgenia was nine months old. In city of Nevel, before execution, In a cold shed all night they stayed, Clutching to her baby In a hopelessness my sister. February morning at frosty dawn, She understood: there is no escape Nazi has unwrapped the child, And took away last hope.
My little baby! Where is my child? She sits in the snow without her clothes. With the finality Air around went dead. The Nazis laughed At execution of innocents.
Bloody red clouds formed in the sky Where were sacred? Why not interceded? Those who suffered can understand, What our poor sister went through Time has passed, years have passed — Memories of Nazis still make me sick. When I remember my childhood I remember only war and sorrow.
Getting older, I understand more clearly But memories still hurt me a lot. Ever since I can remember, Judaism has been a huge part of my home life, whether it was lighting the candles or reciting the Kiddush, I constantly have been reminded who I am through my home training.
It is from my parents that I learned how to be a good and responsible Jew. They tried to teach me mitzvot, the Ten Commandments, and others so I would be able to follow them to the best of my ability. I have learned many things from my parents yet the most important is to treat others as you would want others to treat you.
These are words that I make a constant effort to live by. So to me being a Jew means being a mench or at least aspiring to become one. Not everyone can be so lucky as to be born a Jew. We are actually God's chosen. We should all make an effort to live by that.
By this I mean we need to strive to follow the commandments and read the Torah. If we can succeed at this arduous task, we are setting an example for the rest of society. My parents have taught me to live my life to the fullest without any regrets. I will continue to live my life in this manner, and will never forget where I came from and who I am. I am blessed and proud to be a Jew.
One day Mother brought home two children and hid them in the attic. We asked her who those people were. She said, "I was walking home, two strangers groped on their knees and begged me to save them.
Don't tell anybody, otherwise your father will be killed too. During the day I would bring them food and change the potty. One of my girlfriends used to laugh at me: "You are feeding the mule. Nobody laughed after that. Still somebody told the Germans, and they came to search the house, but we were able to hide the people in the hay. Our Dad died in and Mother was left with four kids. When we came back from Lvov, in , we had nowhere to live. Uncle Isaac was working in a construction company and helped us build a little one-room house.
It was on June 24, My parasha was Be Ha'alothekha, and I chanted the first aliyah, the maftir, the haftorah, and I led the whole service.
Coming from a more traditional synagogue in Boston, this was a big change for my family and me. I grew up in a community where women were not allowed on the Bimah and had to sit behind a divider, a mechitzah.
Although I would go to synagogue, I was not able to follow along because I was not taught the prayers. I used to know only the basic prayers, which I learned from my father and my Hebrew afternoon school. My father, who grew up in Israel, adopted the more traditional way of praying when we moved to Massachusetts. He does not feel comfortable with women who come up to the bimah.
We moved to Greensboro on the summer of my twelfth birthday, so I had to postpone my bat mitzvah for a year. This was not unusual in the Greensboro Jewish community, since girls have their bat mitzvahs at age thirteen here. I had only a half year to learn all the tropes and prayers. I worked hard and came fully prepared to my bat mitzvah. Even though my father does not agree with everything in this Jewish community, he was still very proud of me. After my bat mitzvah I did not stop participating in the services.
I lead services, read from the Torah, and also learn unusual trope for special holidays, like the Megilat Esther trope on Purim, or the trope for Shir Hashirim on Passover. What is most important to me is that now, even if I don't go up on the bimah, I can still follow along and sing with the rest of the congregation. I learned a lot from the Greensboro Jewish community, and I think my father did, too. I study in the Art College named after Gogol, in the ninth grade.
I like to draw very much, and I was accepted into art school. In the JCC we had an exhibition of my works, and, after that, I felt a huge desire to draw beautiful pictures which I hope will help me participate in other exhibitions, and not A Teen's Life in Beltsy Nadezhda Mazur only in our city. I came to the Jewish Community Center one and a half years ago. At first I studied English, and after that I was invited to the vocal ensemble. In the summer we went to the family camp, which was held in Kamenka.
In this camp I have learned a lot about life and traditions of my people. There I have got acquainted with the remarkable girls Dori and Tace, who came from Greensboro. I have become such good friends with them that I did not want to part with them. We live in the JCC cheerfully and amicably.
She worked as a nurse. She is a widow and does not have children or relatives. She is blind and doesn't go outside of her house, so she cannot live without help.
Dobrish is very sociable. She observes Jewish traditions and holidays. She is happy to have help from all Hesed programs like "meals on wheels," services of a home nurse, and free medicine. Raisa Kuperman Patrash was born in and lived in the village of Plopi. Eighty-two Jewish families lived there. There was one synagogue. Our family was big — seven kids.
In , I got married and in January , daughter, Fira, was born. Germans came to Plopi in , but they didn't touch our family because my father knew German. Then the Romanians came. They chose 13 Jewish people and killed them on the edge of our village. Then we were sent to a Ghetto. In Romanovka we lived two years in a pigpen and slept on straw.
Mice were running on us every night. Ukrainians helped with food. Pomeranians were raping, beating, and taking our valuables.
There, my daughter, Fira, and my sister, Buza, died in a pigpen. With the help of local people, I buried them. In , we were liberated by partizans guerillas. I got back to Plopi sick, hungry, and lonely. I got married once more and have two daughters, four grandkids, and two great-grandkids. That winter the city had no electricity and heat. I am very thankful to the Jewish organization in Beltsy for all the help they are giving me.
Personally, I survived that winter by participating in various Hesed programs that helped with medical support, food, etc. In the "Day Center" program that I participate in now, we get breakfast, lunch, medical consultation, physiotherapy, etc.
I appreciate sponsors who help the Beltsy Jewish center exist and function. I wish everybody health and Shalom. I was born in Beltsy on August 10, After graduating from school, I finished training courses for sewing factory workers. In , first time found Matnas. Everybody was friendly. Before that I knew very little about Jewish life and traditions. But soon I started to learn about it. Friends were helping me and I became an activist in Matnas.
First time Igor Teper offered me to work as a madrich in town Soroki in year I didn't realize how hard this job will be. I needed a lot of patience and knowledge. So this was my first experience working with kids and teenagers. Second camp, in Kamenka was a family camp. It required twice as much patience, knowledge, and hard work. Together with Beltsy — Kishinev — Greensboro friends the camp was a success. Thanks to everybody. Every corner I turn, I see another church.
That kind of makes me feel like a minority. But I kind of like that. It makes me feel special. Nobody thinks I'm weird because I'm Jewish — they're interested! It makes me feel cool to be Jewish. I'm 12 years old.
I am in the 6th grade and my grades are all "A. My schedule is very tight. School in the morning, then, in the afternoon, art, and in the evening is dance plus homework. My family — Mom, Dad and two granddads. My grandparents from mother's side were in Nazi camp. They told me a lot about their hard lives. This year I was lucky to get in the summer camp Delet. Camp was organized by two communities, Beltsy and Greensboro. It was the first time in my life I was surrounded by a lot of Jewish friends.
The program was very interesting and intensive. I wanted to participate in everything. Our Madrichim were perfect, they were always with us and gave us all the knowledge and energy. I got friendly with American girls Dori and Tace and with the most kind and affectionate madrih Karen. She is a licensed teacher and teacher by heart. I dream to see my friends next year in camp Greensboro-Beltsy It includes standing up for what I believe, educating others about my religion, going to Jewish summer camps, and most importantly, having traditions that are carried on in my family.
Being Jewish to me is speaking up when someone makes an anti-Semitic comment or a reference to something against Jews. For example, I have heard someone say they are being "jewed" out of something or stereotyping all Jews for being rich. Whether or not they realize what they are doing, I feel I should say something. I also feel it is my obligation to educate others about my religion. To avoid ignorant comments or incorrect stereotypes, people have to be educated.
I enjoy answering questions about Judaism, because I know that when I do, one person has become more cultured and understands more about a religion other than his or her own. I have learned a lot about Jewish customs and have met many Jewish kids. Camp has given me great pride in being Jewish, and I am looking forward to passing this pride onto others when I am a camp counselor at Camp Judaea this summer.
We have grown up together during our years at B'nai Shalom, and, after so many years, it is these friends whom I call my closest. These friends understand an important part of who I am that others can't understand in the same way. When we are making plans on Friday nights, we always talk about what time Shabbos dinner is and how we will meet after it is over. We are all proud to be Jewish and proud of our Jewish traditions. All of our non-Jewish friends know and respect Shabbos dinner. When my younger sister asked my mom what a bar mitzvah was about, she said being bar mitzvahed symbolizes a Jewish kid becoming a grown-up.
Once you are bar mitzvahed, you also have responsibilities. During the services I had the honor of doing the Ashrey, but my favorite part was hearing my brother sing. Throughout the service, my mother was sobbing. When finally the party began, we were ready for it. But I realized that it's not all about the party. I used to hate the services and wait for the party, but now I understand. As a Jew, it's an honor not a punishment to be bat mitzvahed. In the beginning of the service, an adult lights Shabbat candles.
There is a prayer called the Kiddush. After that, two people on the bimah drink grape juice. Once Shabbat is over, everyone is given a piece of challah. That evening, everyone eats Shabbat dinner, lights candles in their home, and reads blessings.
At the synagogue, there are more than people praying and eating Shabbat dinner. Drinking wine and lighting candles is a big part of Shabbat. I got familiar with the Jewish language with my first word with milk from my mom. It's already been 20 years since I lived under the warm wind of my darling Jewish mom, dad, and grandma.
My older brother, Sasha Teper, was one of the founding members of reborn Jewish life in Beltsy. Now we continue his project under leadership of Igor Teper my second brother. People of different ages meet in our Jewish Community Center 24 hours a day. It could be celebrations of Shabbat, Havdalah, or preparations for summer camp Delet. I have a lot of good memories from camp Delet, all of them are in my "Delet Diary. It is a program in memory of the Holocaust. This trip started with visits to the Ghetto and concentration camps in Poland, and finished in the country of "milk and honey" — Israel.
There were only two of us Russian speakers: me and Sasha Krai merman. Everyone else was a young person from the USA. It was people ten buses under supervision of teachers from Jewish schools. In Poland we met with Jewish youth from all over the world and walked under flags and names of the cities from concentration camp Oswencum to the other camp, Birkenau.
In the Poland Airport three airplanes were waiting for us to fly to Israel. To cast shadows. The tree cast its shadows on the wall. He won by sheer luck. The journey to work was sheer hell. He sat down and wept out of sheer Joy. A murder victim. Food is being sent to the victims of the disaster. Remember how the words were used in the text "The Picture".
Complete the sentences with the missing prepositions. In modern societ- ies children often become victims domestic violence. Have you made any arrangement a meeting the manager? John gasped sheer luck. Change the sentences so that you could use the new words.
The wedding preparations are coming to an end, everything will be ready by next Sunday. My night journey by train turned out to be perfect hell. The idea was so shocking that it made me stop and breathe in suddenly in the middle of the phrase. The cathedral in York is a great work of medieval architecture. Young children usually have a great desire for information.
After the terrible accident the injured were taken to Central Hospital. Two figures came out of the area of darkness and walked slowly in our direction. It was agreed that the children would meet us at the railway station. Make up a story using one set of words. Tell it to your partner. Work in pairs. Analyse the differences between the vocabulary items in the first two pairs and explain the difference in the rest.
Use a dictionary. At the same time, dark shapes made on a surface when someone or something is between the surface and a light are shadows, not shades. The trees cast long shadows in the evening light.
In its turn the word piece means a part that has been cut, broken or separated from something large a piece of land, piece of wood, a piece of cake. You can speak about a lump not piece coming up in your throat if you feel emotional, while something that is easy to do is a piece not lump of cake for you.
Complete the sentences with the right word from the brackets. Find Russian equivalents for the given word combinations. Use some of them in sentences of your own. Is the substance solid? You can form them using different models: easy-going, smart-looking 1. Adjective Noun Adverb 2. Noun Adverb 3. Form compound adjectives using the words from the two boxes. Use the compound adjectives you have formed to compiete the sentences below. Dan looked at the felt very proud. We have just moved in.
I was bored to death. The children left the old tower and ran all the way to their house. A sharp edges. Complete the text with the derivatives from the right-hand column.
Turner was born in England in The picture shows a tug towing an old warship away for scrap. The echoes f'ekauz] gradually died away. The wind died down during the night. Nouns often used as subjects with die down are: applause, excitement, fighting, fuss, laughter, noise, protest.
The species has died out. Tm dying for a drink of water. Complete the sentences. Use away, down, for, out. Can we stop soon? Uncle George is a heavy smoker.
We left at once. For some time we could hear the noise of the party, the music and laughter which soon died Express the same in English using the phrasal verb to die.
Use the right pronouns to make the sentences complete. And in my opinion you are prettier than she is. Could you ask they where they house is? Can I join you? We teacher told we that we should go to the National Gallery a few days later. You can invite Albert to the party. Certainly not he. Use the right form of the reflexive pronouns to complete the sentences. If I were you. Can you help me, Ron? Jessica and Malcolm are going to get married. Their lawyer describes the particulars of their contract.
Complete the lawyer's words. Jessica has a house which she inherited from 1. She wants this house to remain 2. The house will be 3. Naturally the family Jewels will remain 4. Jessica wants to mention 7. These items will become The cottage in the country and the electronic equipment that Jessica and Malcolm bought together will be In case of divorce they will be sold and the money will be divided between Malcolm, in his turn, wants to mention in the contract that the car will be After this, that one replaces a countable noun in the singu- lar and ones-a countable noun in the plural: — Have you seen the new work by Lavrovsky?
One and ones are used to identify people or things, often after which: a There are two books on the history of art. Which one would you like? Complete these dialogues. I have broken two of my favourite brushes. Which colours do you prefer — cold or warm? Do you like soft-boiled eggs or hard-boiled eggs? Do you wear old or new jeans when you go to the country? Do you usually buy cheap or expensive shoes? Do you prefer round or square glasses? Which do you like more: a chocolate cake or a cream cake?
Do you use ball pens or ink pens when you write? Are you fond of classical music or pop music? Grammar Noun n Give the plural of the following nouns. Choose the right word to complete the sentences. Use the words in bold in your own situations. There is no class tomorrow. Do you need any help? Use the indefinite article a where necessary to complete the sentences. Complete the sentences using the singular or the plural of the verbs in brackets. Your new jeans look very stylish.
An extra pair of trousers be sure to save you the trouble of washing. Yesterday I saw a beautiful pair of sunglasses in the shop window which be not particularly expensive. Brown gloves do not go with your black coat. What are you thinking about? Three pairs of tights be always better than one. The mittens I bought the other day look fantastic. Grammar More Facts about Nouns Focus on Grammar Some English nouns can take only a singular verb, others only a plural verb, some of them can take both.
Mathematics is a compulsory subject at school. Linguistics is the study of language and how it works. Some people are never satisfied. The police have arrived. Where are the stairs? Give the public what it wants they want. The majority of our teachers is are women.
This species of rose is very rare. There are thousands of species of butterflies. The present government isn't having much success trying to control inflation meaning a whole group of people.
I hate the airs he puts on. They always annoy me. Complete the sentences and make them grammatically correct. In some cases both the words are correct. I like gymnastics. Express the same in English. Speaking Are you interested in any kinds of visual art?
Which of them is closer to you? Would you like to know more about art and its history? Where can you find information about them? Is there an art gallery in the place where you live? What does it exhibit? How often do you go there? Is there a particular artist whose works you enjoy most? Which of the world-famous masterpieces would you like to see some day? Should art be taught at school?
At what age? Is it possible to develop it? In what way can one do it? Look at the reproduction, read the text and try to answer the questions in it. Can you describe the palest and the darkest shades of yellow? Other colours are used but which contrast most strongly with yellow?
The whole mood of this painting is obviously determined by its yellows. How would you describe this mood? Think of the range of feelings you associate with yellow. What do you think yellow signified to Van Gogh?
The way it is painted can be seen in the brushwork, which is used both to describe the sunflowers and to express their essential character. The circular centres are painted in thickly stripped yellow ochre paint which Van Gogh used to show the formation of the seeds. The background of the picture is very simple and rigid.
Do you think it contrasts with the flowers? What does this contrast stress? Different stages in the life cycle of the flower are shown in this painting. Some flowers are not yet open, and it is easy to imagine them still growing. Others are heavy and ripe. A couple hang their hands as if they have passed their peak and have begun to die. Van Gogh obviously had to work rapidly for, once picked, sunflowers last only for a short time.
Do you think Van Gogh wanted to show us how short-lived beauty could be? What is your impression of this famous picture? Study the topical vocabulary to speak about the art of painting. Look at the masterpieces from the National Gallery in London p. Find a reproduction of a picture by a Russian artist and tell your friends what makes it special and why you like it. Answer these questions.
Do you think the place of religion has changed recently? Wbuld you say that its role in modern life is increasing? How important in your opinion is religion to young people and teenagers in the place where you live? Do you think people should know basic things about religion even if they are non-believers? About what religion? What primal religions do you know?
Can you refer Ancient Greek religion to them? What universal religions do you know? What do we call people sharing the same beliefs? What are they usually called when they come together to worship? What Christian Muslim, Jewish or Buddhist customs and rites do you know? Where do the believers of the universal religions practise worship? Who are church services led by? Wliat are the major festivals in Christianity, Islam, and the other religions that you know? What do you know of the tradition of pilgrimage?
What do you think of it? Do you think people visit churches, cathedrals, etc. Why do you think non-believers come there? Find more information about these places and share it in class. Lourdes [load] I 2. Bethlehem 3. Mecca 4. Jerusalem a a city of Israel, which is of great historical importance to Jews, Christians and Muslims. It has many important places for all these religions, such as the Wailing Wall, the Mount of Olives and the Dome of the Rock, an ancient and very holy Muslim building.
This city is regarded by Israel as its capital city, but many Arab people do not accept this. They consider this town a holy place, and many sick people go there because they believe that the water there is holy and has the power to cure them. It is considered the holiest city of Islam. People who are not Muslims are not allowed to go there, but every Muslim must try to make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in their lifetime. Look at the picture of the Nativity the Christmas story and try to restore the story of the birth of Jesus Christ together.
The information below can help you. Have you ever heard the name of Confucius [kan'fjuijasj? Say where he lived and when and what made him famous.
Then read the text to see if you were right. Do the task after the text. Confucius Confucius was one of the greatest moral teachers of all time. He lived in China about five hundred years before Christ. Confucius studied ancient Chinese writings from which he took ideas that to him seemed important to the development of fine characters. Then he taught these ideas to the princes and to the students of all classes who came to him for instruction.
The rules he laid down 2, years ago are still respected. At the age of twenty-two Confucius began to teach men how to live happily. He tried to teach people the right moral conduct based on love, justice, reverence, wisdom, and sincerity.
It made China for a long time to look to the past instead of moving forward. Confucius did not consider himself a god. In fact, he taught nothing about a supreme being. He believed that man was naturally good and could preserve this goodness by living harmoniously with his fellow men. Within five hundred years after his death, his teaching became the philosophy of the state. But when Buddhism appeared, the teachings of Confucius were almost forgotten for a period. They were later revived, and even today his teachings influence the lives of millions of people.
Discuss the connection between philosophy and religion. Do you believe in dreams and predictions? Read the six questions of a psychological test and put down the answers you could give. You are in a dream and in your dream you find yourself in your ideal house. This is just the house you would love to live in.
Close your eyes, and try to imagine the house. What can you say about it? Now you are in the kitchen of your house. There is a cup on the table. Imagine the cup. What sort of cup is it? In the middle of the clearing there is a building.
What sort of building is it? There is a garden all around the building. What kind of garden is it? In the garden, just in front of you there is a wall.
It is too high to climb over and too long to walk around. But suddenly a small door opens in the wall. Are you going to go through it? Now you are standing on the other side of the wall. There is water in front of you. What sort of water is it? Do you want to swim in it for instance?
Thank you. Read what the answers mean and say how you can analyse and interpret your partner's answers. The house is your idea of yourself. The cup is your idea of love. The building represents your idea of God. This is your idea of the world, your country, life and nature. The water is your idea of what happens after death. Discuss the results of the test above in your class. Say what is your attitude to dreams. Speak about some remarkable dream of yours.
Describe any church or other place of worship you have ever visited. Your topic sentence should tell what church you have visited. You should mention when it was, where the church is situated, what the aim of your visit was. Write a description of the church's interior.
Use the natural order to describe the details inside the church you may start with an overall idea of the place and then move from the door around the place from left to right. Be sure to use exact words to create your description. Describe the feelings the visit gave you. Choose one of the portraits and write a description of one of them. Gather details that can help you to create a clear description.
Use the natural order to describe the people in the portraits. Misceljaneous Choose the replies to fit the situations. Look at the following quotations, comment on them and say with which of them you agree and disagree and why. Men at some time are masters of their fate. Robert Herrick Every night and every morn Some to misery are born Every morn and every night Some are born to sweet delight. Listen to the traditional Christmas song No 10 , learn the words and sing it along.
On the second day of Christmas My true love gave to me Two turtle doves. And a partridge in a pear tree. On the fourth day of Christmas My true love gave to me Four calling birds. Three French hens.
Two turtle doves. On the fifth day of Christmas My true love gave to me Five golden rings. Four calling birds. Two turtle doves, And a partridge in a pear tree. On the seventh day of Christmas My true love gave to me Seven swans-a-swimming. Six geese-a-laying, Five golden rings, Four calling birds. On the eighth day of Christmas My true love gave to me Eight maids-a-milking, Seven swans-a-swimming, Six geese-a-laying, Five golden rings.
On the ninth day of Christmas My true love gave to me Nine ladies dancing. Eight maids-a-milking. Seven swans-a-swimming, Six geese-a-laying. Five golden rings. On the tenth day of Christmas My true love gave to me Ten lords-a-leaping, Nine ladies dancing, Eight maids-a-milking, Seven swans-a-swimming, Six geese-a-laying, Five golden rings, Four calling birds Three French hens, Two turtle doves, And a partridge in a pear tree.
On the eleventh day of Christmas My true love gave to me Eleven pipers piping. Ten lords-a-leaping. Nine ladies dancing. Seven swans-a-swimming, Six geese-a-laying, Five golden rings, Four calling birds, Three French hens.
On the twelfth day of Christmas My true love gave to me Twelve drummers drumming, Eleven pipers piping. Ten lords-a-leaping, Nine ladies dancing, Eight maids-a-milking, Seven swans-a-swimming, Six geese-a-laying. Listen to another song No 11 , learn the words and sing it along. At the beginning of his development man was very dependent on Nature, being its real and naive child. But with time getting older and more knowledgeable people ventured "to conquer" Nature. New discoveries and inventions, new technologies make a dramaWc impacton the planet which is our habitat.
Great achievements of the human race have facilitated the life of people, but many of them have been harmful to the environment. Nowadays the humanity is trying to reconsider the results of its progress.
Scientists, politicians, ecologists and the majority of common people are beginning to understand that the damage to ecosystems can lead to real disasters when nothing could save the planet and life on it. Why do people at the beginning of the new millennium spend so much time and effort drawing public attention to the problem of ecology? What ecological problems that humanity faces nowadays in your opinion are most urgent? Why are scientists so much concerned about the greenhouse effect and the process of global warming?
Do you think global warming is caused by human activities? Which of them? Why are people nowadays very much concerned about the energy they use to light and heat homes, the energy that makes cars run, etc.? It is a known fact that during the history of the Earth there were periods of dramatic climate changes which occurred naturally.
Ice Age among them. Why do you think scientists are so much concerned about the current climate changes? Can you say that the climate in the place where you live is changing? Do you find these changes for the better or for the worse? Can you give examples of climate changes in other places of the planet?
If so, in what way? Can individuals help in this area? Now scientists are more or less sure about the greenhouse effect which makes the Earth warmer by trapping energy in the atmosphere because certain gases carbon dioxide', methane and some others prevent heat from escaping into space. Look at the pictures and say how people increase the amount of such gases in the atmosphere.
Add some more examples to illustrate your answer. Listen to the text about the wildfires No 12 and say which of the following is true, false or not mentioned in the text.
Work in small groups. Make up outdoor burning regulations by continuing these lists of do's and don'ts. Compare your lists. Listen to the five speakers and match their names with what they mention a-e No The speakers on the tape have mentioned some cases of pollution affecting animals.
Can you give your own examples of how people's activity influences wildlife? What is the situation like in the place where you live? Listen to the interview with Mr Riner, an ecologist No 14 , and complete the following statements in the right way.
Imagine that you've joined the campaign and are picketing one of such restaurants. What will you say to people, who are going to visit McDonald's, trying to stop them from doing it?
Reading 9. Read the texts and match the names of the organizations with their features a-e. One of the texts you can't match. Kids F. The first club had six members. Today there are more than , individual members.
Membership is free to children and teachers. It has more than a million members and supporters. Founded in , PETA is dedicated to establishing and protecting the rights of all animals. PETA operates under the simple principle that animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on, or use for entertainment. PETA focuses its attention on the areas in which the largest numbers of animals suffer most intensely for the longest periods of time; on factory farms, in laboratories, in the clothing trade and in the entertainment industry.
Invasive Species Specialist Group ISSG aims to reduce threats to natural ecosystems and the natural species they contain by increasing awareness of invasive alien species. ISSG is a global group of scientific and policy experts on invasive species from 41 countries. Membership is by invitation from the group chair. Invasive Species Specialist Group 4. New branches of the society began to be established, and the branches in England and Wales that exist today run 38 clinics and 33 animal centres.
Greenpeace is an international organization whose members work actively to protect the environment from damage caused by industrial processes or military activities.
It is known for using its own boats to try to prevent governments from testing nuclear weapons, to prevent companies from pouring poisonous chemicals into the sea, and to try to save whales and other sea animals from being killed. Greenpeace has been campaigning against environmental degradation since WWF Find in the texts ex.
You and your friend want to join one of ecological organizations. Discuss which one is the best to join. Discuss in groups the importance of such organizations that were mentioned in ex. N5 Natural disasters cannot be controlled by people. Earthquakes and volcano eruptions are among them.
Read the text "Volcanoes" and complete it with the phrases below. Such volcanoes do indeed exist, but they 2. Other volcanoes that have been quiet for a long time but that may erupt again are de- w scribed as dormant, while those that have erupted in historic times are said 5.
When in Etna in Sici- ly, Italy, erupted 20, people were killed, and lava reached the city of Catania, 28 km from the summit. There are 8.
Indonesia alone has about and Iceland has about active volcanoes. Prepare a short talk on volcanoes. Read the text and answer the questions after it. The text you're going to read comes from a famous novel by an English writer Richard Adams, a remarkable tale of exile and survival, of heroism and friendship.
The main characters of the story are rabbits, but this fact doesn 7 make the book less true-to-life as the rabbits have very human features and very real problems to solve. It is one of the books that make you laugh out loud and cry and think.
The Noticeboard The primroses were over. Toward the edge of the wood, where the ground became open, only a few fading patches of pale yellow still showed among the oak-tree roots.
On the other side of the fence, the upper part of the field was full of rabbit holes. A hundred yards away, at the bottom of the slope, ran the brook, no more than three feet wide. The May sunset was red in clouds, and there was still half an hour to twilight. The dry slope was dotted with rabbits — some nibbling at the thin grass near their holes, others looking for dandelions or perhaps a cowslip that the rest had missed. At the top of the bank, close to the wild cherry where the blackbird sang, two rabbits were sitting side by side.
Soon, the larger of the two came out of the bushes and ran up into the field. A few moments later the other followed. The first rabbit stopped in a sunny patch and scratched his ear with rapid movements of his hind leg.
Although he was a yearling and still below full weight, he had not the scared look of younger rabbits. He looked as though he knew how to take care of himself. There was a shrewd, buoyant air about him as he sat up, looked around and rubbed both front paws over his nose. As soon as he was satisfied that all was well, he laid back his ears and set to work on the grass.
His companion seemed less at ease. He was small, with wide, staring eyes and a way of raising and turning his head which suggested a kind of nervous tension. His nose moved continually, and when a bumblebee flew humming to a thistle-bloom behind him, he jumped and spun round with a start. The small rabbit came closer to his companion. Shall we go down to the brook? They reached the brook and began nibbling and searching. It was not long before Fiver found what they were looking for.
Cowslips are a delicacy among rabbits, and as a rule there are very few left by late May in the neighbourhood of even a small warren. They were just starting on it when two larger rabbits came running across from the other side of the nearby cattle wade.
Hazel caught him up by the culvert. I tell you what — shall we go across the brook? All the same. The grass was wet and thick near the stream and they made their way up the opposite slope, looking for drier ground. Suddenly Hazel stopped, staring. Two piles of earth lay on the grass. Heavy posts, reeking of creosote' and paint, towered up as high as the holly trees in the hedge, and the board they carried threw a long shadow across the top of the field.
Near one of the posts, a hammer and a few nails had been left behind. The two rabbits went up to the board at a hopping run and crouched in a patch of nettles, wrinkling their noses at the smell of a dead cigarette end somewhere in the grass. Suddenly Fiver shivered and cowered down. This is where it comes from! I know now — something very bad! Some terrible thing — coming closer and closer. Oh, Hazel, look! The field! But Fiver could not explain and only grew more and more distressed.
At last Hazel got him back home and had almost to push him down the hole. The sun set behind the opposite slope. The wind turned colder, with a scatter of rain, and in less than an hour it was dark. In what season is the story laid? At what time? What details does the author use to describe the scene of action? In what way are the two rabbit friends different?
What problem did they have because they were only one year old? What do you think Fiver meant when he said that something worried him? What could it be? What did Hazel notice near the fence? Look at the pictures and find in the text "The Noticeboard" the words that might serve as captions for these pictures. Find in the text "The Noticeboard" equivalents for the following: 1 a small piece of ground 2 covered as if with dots 3 to eat with very small bites 4 an animal between one and two years old 5 having an ability to recover quickly from disappointment 6 to make a continuous low sound like buzzing 7 a place where there are a lot of rabbit holes in which they live 8 something good to eat, usually rare and expensive 9 a place where one can walk across the stream 10 a pipe for waste water that passes under a road or a railway line 11 a thick brown strong-smelling oily liquid used for preserving wood 12 to jump 13 to lower the body closer to the ground 14 to bend low and more back because of fear 15 to make the sound of a badly-oiled door when it opens Work in small groups and make up the end of the story about Hazel and Fiver.
Think of how they managed to survive and rescue the others. Say what you know about the animals natural habitats destruction and how serious the problem is in the place where you live.
Boards had been nailed across the broken window. A noticeboard, a chess board. He put the bread on the hoard and began to slice it. The train station has an electronic board showing all departure times. She has recently been appointed to the board of directors. The inn provided board and lodging. No one with any sense of decency can ignore their request for help. Common decency.
It is common decency to phone and say you're going to be late. To have the decency to do sth. Have the decency to admit that you're wrong. It distresses him to think that he can't change anything. The laughter faded when they saw Kate's face. They heard footsteps go past the room, then fade into the distance. If the light fades, it gets dark. The sun has faded the red curtains. Hopes that he will be found alive are fading.
The flowers in the vase are beginning to fade. The girl hesitated a moment, then knocked on the door. Julia was hesitating between a cup of coffee and orange Juice. I didn't hesitate about working with George. He stood hesitating over whether to Join them. Oppressive forces, an op- pressive government. We've had really oppressive weather today. The boy rubbed the magic lamp and a giant appeared.
The nurse rubbed my back until the pain went away. John rubbed the dirt off the number plate with his sleeve. The cat rubbed against my leg. You should try not to scratch insect bites. He kept scratching at his nose. To shiver with cold. A shrewd old woman, a shrewd politician. James turned out to be a shrewd businessman and soon he made a fortune. The Earth spins on its axis. She spun round to face him.
The old lady showed us how to spin wool. To treat sb coldly politely. She felt she had been unfairly treated. She was treated for earache with eardrops. Patients are often treated with a combination of medication and exercise. Bob treated us all to dinner at an expensive restaurant. Remember how the words were used in the text "The Noticeboard".
Put the new words in their proper forms to complete the text and then think of how it could end. It was morning, time to get up. Charles 1, his eyes and opened them.
His brother Tony was lying on the sofa sound asleep. Charles did not want to 2. The day before Tony had returned home late and Charles had no chance to speak to him. After 3. He put the kettle on and got out bread, butter, cheese and sausage to make sandwiches.
Slicing the food on the chopping 4. Charles was 8. In support of this idea Tony stretched out to him a thin long envelope. Insert proper prepositions where necessary to complete the sentences. She stood shivering You know the words in column A. Look them up in a dictionary if necessary. He claims he suffered ill-treatment at the hands of prison officers.
John has done nothing to deserve such treatment. Robert responded well to treatment and is now walking again. I like to give my granddaughter a treat now and then, take her to the zoo or theatre and buy her some gifts. She is hesitant about making new friends. Alec is quite a decent person, you can rely on him.
After five years of oppression, the peasants revolted. He was thrown out of the meeting for causing a disturbance. I want no more disturbances during this lesson. Living in the Amazon jungle was a profoundly disturbing experience. He tried to conceal his distress but the tremor of his voice was unmistakable. The divorce was extremely distressing for the children. This is where we board the bus.
Prepare your tickets. His only injuries were some minor scratches above his eye. Alice paused before giving the negative answer. My mom promised to take me to the theatre to give something especially nice. Mary has always been a good judge of people. The old woman was in great sorrow because her son had disappeared. She got onto the wrong train. That was the news that made her feel extremely unhappy and worried. When I got to the airport the passengers of my flight were already allowed to get on it.
Jack stood on the porch and couldn't decide whether to go home or join the boys playing football. The kids were turning round making themselves dizzy. What medication and methods are the doctors using to cure him? Look at the pictures and match them with the captions. Read the sentences below and translate them into Russian. The plane had passengers and crew on board.
Jack boasts that he swept the board at the casino last night. Full board is the service that you get at a hotel when you eat all your meals there, and halfboard includes only two meals. Welcome aboard! There are a lot of idioms with "scratch" verb and "scratch" noun.
Read the examples below, guess what they mean, and then think of a short situation centred around one of these idioms.
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